It is increasingly believed that no matter how aggressive localities are in reducing greenhouse gases, some amount of climate change and resulting impacts will continue due to the effects of gases that already have been released. Our nation’s local governments – cities, counties, towns and townships –will be on the front lines reducing the negative consequences of climate change – which may play out differently in different locations. Some regions are already seeing changes in the climate, and others may expect to see changes over the next several decades; this may include extreme weather events or temperature changes, increased flooding or drought, coastal storm surges, sea level rise and urban heating. Because these problems reach across jurisdictional boundaries, they are best addressed by regional councils, including councils of government (COG) and metropolitan planning organizations (MPO). These entities play a critical role in bringing together local elected officials and planners of multiple jurisdictions to successfully plan for the complex challenges of climate change. In addition, climate data is most readily available on a regional scale, making regional councils the most appropriate organizations to implement successful adaptation programs.