Department of the Interior
The US Department of the Interior (DOI) protects America’s natural resources and heritage, honors our cultures and tribal communities and supplies the energy to power our future. DOI has a long history of incorporating green infrastructure as part of its Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, and National Park Service.
What is green infrastructure at DOI?
The Fish and Wildlife Service, a DOI sub-agency, defines green infrastructure as including natural areas such as forests and streams, as well as constructed elements such as urban parks, trails, street trees, stormwater management practices, community gardens, and urban agriculture. According to DOI, green infrastructure not only improves air and water quality, but also provides wildlife habitat, thermal comfort and reductions in energy use
What DOI departments are involved in green infrastructure?
The Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), a key administrator of the Endangered Species Act, has been involved in developing and approving Endangered Species Act compliance plans that have implemented a green infrastructure approach to planning and conservation.
The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is involved in discussions with regions developing green infrastructure plans in order to ensure the best balance of uses and resource protections for America’s public lands. The BLM undertakes extensive land use planning through a collaborative approach with local, state and tribal governments, the public, and stakeholder groups.
The National Park Service (NPS) collaborates with communities to make them greener, healthier and more sustainable by balancing the needs of the citizens with the needs of their environment. They provide technical assistance for the development of green infrastructure plans that call for a network of natural lands, the possibility of building “green streets,” and the restoration of damaged areas.
Additional DOI green infrastructure resources:
- Fish and Wildlife Service provides different grant programs funded through the Cooperative Endangered Species Conservation Fund.
- The Cheverly Green Plan is a collaboration between the town of Cheverly and the National Park Service. Its goal is to make the community greener, healthier, and more sustainable by balancing the needs of the citizens with the needs of the environment.
- The Conservation Fund works to help the Bureau of Land Management, the National Park Service, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service fulfill their conservation goals by providing infrastructure planning, community development and other sustainability tools.
- The Fish and Wildlife Services’ National Conservation Training Center provides training in many green infrastructure aspects of conservation and sustainability.
- The Bureau of Land Management’s Land Use Planning Handbook provides resources for implementing land use plans that protect the quality of scientific, scenic, historical, ecological, environmental, and other values of public land.